FIRST AID, HOMOEPATHY & GENERAL ADVICE
Homeopathic Strengths & Potency
The more dilute a homeopathy remedy is, the stronger it is and the higher the number or potency.
A less dilute remedy is not as strong and has a lower number or potency.
Remedies from Least Strong to most Potent.
1X would be the least strong
30X Middle strength
CM+ = strongest remedy
An X potency - is a remedy diluted 1-9 times. 1 part remedy to 9 parts alcohol
A C potency - is a rememdy diluted 1-99 times. 1 part remedy to 99 parts alcohol
(If you cannot find a 6X - 6C would be the next best thing.)
Low potency remedies 1 x to 30C - are used to treat acute illnesses whereas higher potencies 200c - CM+ are used to treat chronic complaints.
Most people starting to treat should start with 6x - and if you feel that this is not strong enough - move up to 12x or c and so on…
SPRAYS - Applied to Mucous membraine e.g. mouth - on the gums, nose or on vulva in some instances
AND GENERAL HELP ITEMS
DO YOU UNDERSTAND - Prebiotics and probiotics
Dogs, like human beings, have bacteria living in their gut. The bacteria themselves are made up of ‘unfriendly’ strains that can make the dog ill and ‘friendly’ strains that keep it well. Normally, the balance is in favour of the ‘friendly’ bacteria, but sometimes – such as after a course of antibiotics, during stress or through poor diet – the ‘unfriendly’ bacteria get the upper hand. This is called intestinal dysbiosis, a bacterial imbalance that results in an overgrowth of bad bacteria and yeast. Dysbiosis has been linked to various disorders, including yeast infections, irritable bowel syndrome and rheumatoid arthritis. It is treated by restoring the balance with prebiotics, probiotics and a healthy (natural) diet.
Probiotics are beneficial bacteria that can be found in various foods. When you eat probiotics, you will add these healthy bacteria to your intestinal tract. Common strains include the Lactobacillus and Bifidobacterium families of bacteria. Prebiotics, on the other hand, are non-digestible foods that make their way through our digestive system and help good bacteria grow and flourish. Prebiotics keep beneficial bacteria healthy. Happily, you don’t need to buy special canine prebiotics or probiotics, as those designed for humans work perfectly. If you need a prebiotic, try aloe vera or chicory. If you need a probiotic, try one containing Lactobacillus, Acidophilus and/or Bifidus-type bacteria with FOS (fructooligosaccharides). Use the minimum recommended human dose.
For more information and advice on any aspect of canine health and nutrition please contact Honey’s – we’ll be happy to help even if you never, ever plan to become a customer.
Web: Email: info@ honeysrealdogfood.com
HONEY’S REALDOGFOOD - are now supplying a beautiful quality Coconut Oil - see their website for details.
FIRST AID FOR DOGS RECOMMENDATIONS
The information below is only a recommendation - we strongly suggest you attend a Canine First Aid Course if you own a dog of any breed......
What should be in your First Aid Kit for Dogs to enable you to cope with an emergency situation:
Non Adherent dressing pads 5cm x 5cm and 10cm x 10cm
Various sizes of bandages/ Various latex free bandages
Moist Saline cleansing wipes sterile / Eye Wash pods 20ml
Cotton Gauze swaps - sterile / Scissors - curved / Forceps / Digital Thermometer
Microporous tape / Zinc oxide plaster tape
1 Torniquet - but in an emergency there are many things you can use - bootlace, belt, tights! Elastic Band - for tournaquet!! emergency
Blanket - always have a blanket in the car
Tick Remover / Piriton
Thermometer (a dogs temperature should be 102.8F)
Hand sanitizer for self
Baking Soda to make dog sick (after speaking with vet first!) - give dry
Pen and paper to make a note of time of incident to advise vet during the call and ETA at the Vets.
Vet telephone number - and if on holiday - the local vet too (Download the find Vet-App)
There are 3 main rules you must remember when dealing with First Aid:
To check the dog over for any sign of life:
Airway - is it blocked / Breathing -is it rapid/shallow / Circulation
Always remember a dog in pain may be aggressive - even your beloved Fido!
Practice emergency muzzling! you never know when you may need it - Google it on youtube....
What is a Hemorrhage = (Bleeding) could result in a serious outcome..... and should be treated as an emergency.
You can use Direct Pressure to stem bleeding - applying directly to the site to aid the clotting process - known as Direct Digitial pressure or by using a bandage/dressing.
If bleeding persists and seeps through the first bandage - never remove - place another bandage on top until you get to the vets.
Indirect Pressure - using pressure points around the body. The Brachial Artery - on the inside of the front legs - the pulse can be felt in the armpit - you can use a tennis ball or ball up a T-Shirt and use this as a pressure point.
Femoral Artery - inside the hind leg - again pressure here will stem flow to the back leg.
Cocygeal/Caudal Artery - under the base of the tail.... (often a common inury when dogs trap tails in car doors....
Tournaquets - these can be used to stem bleeding - but only for short periods of time - 15 mins max - and must be released and re applied. Never cover a tournaquet up - as it may get missed by vets if dealing with other items on arrival at the vets.
Applying cold compresses reduces the blood flow to damaged areas.
Bee Stings: always watch for Anaphylactic shock - and check airways if dog has been stung on face/neck area. If no complications apply Bicarbonate of Soda to Bee Sting site to counteract the stings acid.
Wasp Sting: Vinegar and Water to bathe the area and ease the sting.
Have some Piriton in your kit but always ring vet for dosage.
Dose = Weight for Piriton
10kg - 20kg =
20kg - 30 kg =
30kg - large dog =
DO NOT USE PIRATEZE
Useful to Know: Find out what your dogs resting heart rate is and make a note: Using the femeral artery - count for 15 secs and x by 4 = ?
Carrying out CPR - when you have No heartbeat, No Pulse and No Breathing
Always start with 3 rescue breaths blowing through the dogs nose and then
30 compressions on the chest (dog laid on its side) and then 2 rescue breaths and repeat until the dog breaths on its own or pulse becomes stable..
If you have to drive a dog to the vets during this situation - and you are on your own - drive so far, stop, do CPR and repeat periodically until your at the vets... phone ahead to give ETA
DOGS IN FIT
DO NOT touch the dog in a fit but remove stimuli - i.e lights, noise and very importantly OTHER DOGS who may attack....Make a note of the duration of the fit, the symptoms and anything that may have triggered it. Phone the vet immediately.
ITEMS STUCK IN DOGS THROAT
DO NOT put your finger in to remove the object unless your dog is unconscious!
DO NOT attempt the Heimlich Maneuver unless your sure your pet ingested an object and you can see the stuck object.....
DO NOT swing your dog by its legs upside down to help remove an object you could dislocate the hips - swing from the trunk of the body above the hips....
If you can see the object and the dog is unconscious - you could use a table spoon or something similar to flick it out or something similar - but care not to push further down.
HYPERTHERMIA - Heat Stroke - a dogs temperature that goes over 105F - could go into Shock....and have organ failure - provide first aid and get to the VETS...
Bright red tongue = lack of oxygen
Dog constantly seeking cooler environment
Rapid Heart or Pulse/Panting
Breathing difficulties Rapid or Slow
No longer drinking
Elevating the dogs legs and cool with soaked towels to increase blood flow
Cold water to drink
Ice pack wrapped in a towel to cool the brain
DO NOT plunge the dog in cold water
DO NOT wrap in a blanket
If near a river/stream/hosepipe available - you could stand/hose its feet only - do not plunge
There is a lot more information you should know and the above is only a quick guide - we highly recommend you attend a Canine First Aid Course.........
CLIPPING TOE NAILS